The primary 100 days of a two-term presidency mark about 3% of the eight-year span, however since President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, this temporary early window of alternative has been used to evaluate a brand new commander in chief’s agenda.
President Biden’s first 100 days are certain to look totally different than these of Democrats previous, and never simply as a result of unprecedented problem of a pandemic. Financial problem was met by better spending underneath Barack Obama than by his Democratic predecessor, Invoice Clinton, and much more federal largesse will probably be doled out by Biden if Congress provides him his method. Different priorities have differed too.
Right here’s a have a look at how 100-day priorities have modified amongst Democrats through the years.
Biden has made a plethora of lofty guarantees for his first 100 days, from COVID-19 reduction to immigration, local weather change, masks mandates and faculty openings.
Coronavirus reduction and masking
On day one of many Biden presidency, he signed an government order issuing a masks mandate that will final the primary 100 days of his presidency.
Biden, acknowledging he did not have the authority to require masks in most conditions, promised to require them in federal buildings, on interstate journey reminiscent of planes, trains and buses, and to work with governors and mayors on their very own masks mandates.
The president has pledged to “hit the bottom working” by passing a $1.9 trillion Covid reduction invoice, weeks after former President Donald Trump signed a $900 billion reduction invoice into legislation.
The invoice will embrace $1,400 stimulus checks, $400-per-week boosted unemployment, tax credit score growth, rental help and an eviction moratorium, amongst different priorities.
To pay for this, Biden has promised to extend taxes on the rich by eliminating Trump’s 2017 tax cuts.
Elevated minimal wage
Tucked into the coronavirus reduction invoice is a proposal that will greater than double the minimal wage, taking it from $7.25 to $15 per hour.
Reversing Trump immigration insurance policies
Biden promised in June that on “day one” of his presidency he’ll ship a DACA invoice to Congress offering a pathway to citizenship for DACA recipients. In November, he loosened that timeline to the primary 100 days.
He additionally reversed Trump’s journey restrictions on 13 majority-Muslim international locations the place terrorism was endemic, also known as the “Muslim ban.”
The brand new president signed an order Wednesday declaring the “fast termination” of funding for the border wall. He additionally signed an order reversing Trump’s earlier order that directed aggressive immigration enforcement. Within the coming days, he is promised to reverse Trump’s asylum limitations and the Migrant Safety Protocols (MPP).
Local weather is bound to loom on the forefront of the brand new administration — Biden added greater than half a dozen staffers to his local weather staff Thursday. He’s added a seat on the nationwide safety council for John Kerry, who will function worldwide local weather czar. Former EPA administrator Gina McCarthy has been tapped to go a brand new White Home Workplace of Local weather Coverage.
The staff is anticipated to reinstate rules and emissions requirements the Trump administration slashed. Biden has promised they may instantly regulate oil and pure fuel to curb methane manufacturing.
On Inauguration Day, Biden signed an order for the U.S. to rejoin the Paris local weather settlement. One other order he signed rolled again quite a few Trump’s environmental actions, together with revoking the allow for the Keystone pipeline.
President Obama took workplace at an economically related second in financial historical past, because the U.S. was reeling from the fallout of the 2008 recession.
The brand new president’s first precedence was drumming up help for his financial stimulus bundle, the American Restoration and Reinvestment Act. By Feb. 10, the invoice had handed each the Home and Senate, the place Democrats had two majorities. Solely three Republicans voted for the invoice.
The roughly $800 billion invoice had three spending classes. It reduce taxes by $288 billion; reserved $224 billion for prolonged unemployment advantages, training and well being care spending collectively; and left $275 billion for jobs creation via federal contracts, grants and loans.
The 2009 stimulus boosted federal unemployment by $25 per week, in distinction with Biden’s name for a $400-per-week increase and the $600 per week supplied till July within the CARES Act.
The Obama-era invoice supplied a payroll tax credit score of $400 per employee in 2009 and 2010, in addition to an growth of kid tax credit, faculty credit and homebuyer credit, amongst different tax incentives for firms.
Well being care reform
Two weeks into his presidency, Obama expanded the state Youngsters’s Well being Insurance coverage Program (SCHIP) by roughly $35 billion over the subsequent 5 years. The expanded program was financed with a 62-cent-per-pack enhance within the federal tax on cigarettes. The kids’s well being care growth preempted the Reasonably priced Care Act, which might be handed a yr later.
Gender pay discrimination
The primary invoice Obama signed into legislation was the Lilly Ledbetter Truthful Pay Act, a legislation that sought to sort out the gender pay hole by extending the statute of limitations on equal-pay lawsuits.
Obama deployed a further 17,000 troops to Afghanistan in his first 100 days, drawing the ire of progressives. The Taliban insurgency within the nation loomed over U.S. overseas coverage. Then-Vice President Biden opposed the escalation of U.S. involvement.
There are solely 2,500 troops left in Afghanistan, and an settlement between the Taliban and Trump stipulated that each one must be eliminated. The Taliban referred to as on Biden to honor the U.S. dedication Wednesday, and Biden appears ripe to take action. Final spring, he wrote in International Affairs that the U.S. ought to withdraw a “overwhelming majority” of its troops and “narrowly outline” counterterrorism efforts.
Clinton campaigned on decreasing taxes for the center class however prioritized deficit discount in his financial agenda.
Tax plan for deficit discount
On Feb. 17, 1993, Clinton unveiled his financial plan. It centered on decreasing the deficit, and within the course of raised taxes. Many had been angered after the brand new president had campaigned on reducing taxes for the center class. The speculation was that decreasing the finances deficit would decrease bond rates of interest.
The plan elevated the highest federal revenue tax charge from 31% to 39.6%, elevated the company revenue tax charge, raised gas taxes and raised numerous different taxes. It helped the federal authorities obtain its first finances surplus because the ’60s in 1997.
The plan would later grow to be the Omnibus Finances Reconciliation Act of 1993, which was signed into legislation in August of that yr. It handed each the Home and Senate with no single Republican vote, and Vice President Al Gore forged the tie-breaking vote within the cut up Senate.
Abortion restrictions reversal
Days into workplace, Clinton reversed Republican edicts on abortion, signing 5 abortion-related memorandums on Jan. 23, 1993, the twentieth anniversary of Roe v. Wade. He repealed bans on abortion counseling at federally funded clinics, abortions in army hospitals and fetal tissue analysis, and reversed restrictions on home and worldwide household planning packages that concerned abortion.
Nonetheless, the brand new president reiterated a slogan he’d crafted early within the marketing campaign, proffering an America “the place abortion is secure and authorized however uncommon.”
Paid go away
The Paid Household and Medical Depart Act, signed in February 1993, was a significant element of Clinton’s first-term home coverage. The invoice allowed workers to take as much as 12 weeks of unpaid go away throughout a 12-month interval to take care of a brand new little one or unwell member of the family, or to get better from a severe sickness.
Previous to the 1992 election, the paid household go away act had been vetoed twice by President George H.W. Bush.