U.S. stocks opened mostly lower Tuesday, following the best day for the S&P 500 index and the Dow Jones Industrial Average since early April.
Wall Street will be watching for congressional testimony from Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell and U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and parsing earnings reports from major retailers, including Dow components Walmart and Home Depot.
How are benchmarks trading?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average
fell 170 points, or 0.7% at 24,436, the S&P 500 index
retreated 9 points, or 0.3%, at 2,945, while the Nasdaq Composite index
gained 17 points, or 0.2% at 9,252.
On Monday, the Dow surged 911.95 points, or 3.9%, to finish at 24,597.37, after briefly advancing 1,000 points. The S&P 500 rose 90.21 points, or 3.2%, to end at 2,953.91. The Nasdaq Composite
added 220.27 points, or 2.4%, closing at 9,234.83. The gains were the best rally for the Dow since April
With Monday’s gains, the S&P 500 has recovered 32% from its March 23 low, and is now about 13% below its record high in February.
What’s driving the market?
Powell and Mnuchin are set to appear via videoconference before the Senate Banking Committee at 10 a.m. Eastern as part of testimony required by the $2 trillion economic-relief package approved by Congress that is intended to provide assistance to small businesses and individuals who have been affected by the lockdown protocols in place to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Fed chair already has suggested that lawmakers, rather than monetary-policy makers, need to do more to support an economy that is likely in the throes of a deep recession as a result of actions taken to curtail the spread of the viral outbreak.
“As a society, we should do everything we can to provide relief to those who are suffering for the public good,” Powell said in prepared remarks.
Markets on Monday showed signs of ebullience as investors hung on the more upbeat portions of statements made by Powell during an interview with CBS’s “60 Minutes” on Sunday night in which he said he expects the economy to start to improve in the second half of 2020.
Mnuchin also has expressed some optimism about a recovery in the last six months of the year. The Treasury Secretary will tout the successes of initiatives like the Paycheck Protection Program, while emphasizing the need to “open the economy in a way that minimizes risks to workers and customers,” according to planned testimony.
Their testimony comes a day after markets surged higher amid an upbeat report from pharmaceutical firm Moderna Inc.
which said it was optimistic about a vaccine candidate that had produced antibodies in phase-one clinical trials.
“The powerful move higher for risk assets – even in the face of a plethora of risks such as seething US-China tensions and second virus waves – underscores how thirsty this market is for any positive news,” wrote Marios Hadjikyriacos, investment at XM, in a Tuesday note.
That’s because “If things go right and a vaccine is developed quickly, everything goes back to normal and it’s a bullish environment,” he added. “If things go wrong and the recession worsens, for instance on a wave of bankruptcies or second virus waves or ‘hotter’ US-China tensions, then governments and central banks will be forced to stimulate even more.”
Also on traders’ radar were comments by President Trump late Monday threatening to permanently cut off U.S. funding to the World Health Organization. He has accused the organization of cooperating with China to play down the magnitude of the coronavirus outbreak in its early stages, and the rhetoric was noted by analysts as a sign of heightened tensions between the world’s two largest economies.
In economic news, construction of new homes fell 30% in April to the lowest level since 2015, though building permits were issued at a higher rate than forecast.
Powell and Mnuchin will be the main attraction for the day, but Boston Fed President Eric Rosengren also speaks at 2 p.m.
Which stocks are in focus?
- The Dow’s biggest gainer early Tuesday was Walmart Inc.
after the retailer reported first-quarter earnings and sales that handily beat consensus estimates and a 74% increase in e-commerce sales. Shares were trading up 2.1% Tuesday.
- Shares of fellow Dow component Home Depot Inc.
fell 2.7% after the home improvement retailer reported a fiscal first-quarter profit that missed expectations, although revenue and same-store sales rose more than forecast
- Pier 1 Imports Inc.
said Tuesday it is seeking bankruptcy court approval to start an orderly wind-down of its business operations as soon as possible given current COVID-19 store closures.
- Shares of Kohl’s Corp.
fell 7.1% after the retailer reported first-quarter results.
How are other markets trading?
U.S. government bond yields were virtually unchanged, with the 10-year Treasury note
at 0.73% on Tuesday, following its biggest daily rise since March 18, according to Dow Jones Market Data. Bond prices move in the opposite direction of yields.
The U.S. dollar weakened against a basket of its major rivals, with the ICE U.S. dollar index
trading down 0.3% early Tuesday in New York.
In precious metals, gold futures for June delivery
rose $4.30, or 0.3%, to trade at $1,739 an ounce. Meanwhile, crude prices for June delivery
gained $1.18 or 3.7, at $33 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, after surging 8.1% gain to end at a two-month high.
In global equities, the Stoxx Europe 600 index
traded 0.8% lower, while the FTSE 100
pulled back 1%. In Asia trade, Japan’s Nikkei
rose 1.5%, Hong Kong’s Hang Seng jumped 1.9%, the
Shanghai Composite Index climbed 0.8%, while the CSI 300 Index
closed 0.9% higher.